ACCRINT Function

The ACCRINT function is a useful tool in spreadsheet software like Microsoft Excel or Google Sheets, designed to calculate the accrued interest for a financial asset that pays periodic interest. It’s particularly handy when dealing with bonds or other fixed-income securities that accrue interest over time. ACCRINT stands for accrued interest.

Understanding ACCRINT Function


The syntax for the ACCRINT function varies slightly among different spreadsheet programs. Here’s a general outline:

For Excel:

=ACCRINT(issue, first_interest, settlement, rate, par, frequency, [basis])

For Google Sheets:

=ACCRINT(issue, settlement, rate, par, frequency, [basis])


issue: The issue date of the security.

first_interest: The first interest date after the issue date.

settlement: The date the security was settled.

rate: The interest rate of the security.

par: The par value of the security.

frequency: The number of interest payments per year.

[basis]: (Optional) The day count basis to use for the calculation. If omitted, it defaults to 0.

Example Scenario:

Imagine a bond initiated on January 1, 2017, with an initial interest payment scheduled for March 31, 2017. This bond, featuring a par value of $10,000, operates with a 6.25% annual interest rate, with payments made quarterly. The settlement date for this bond is set as February 15, 2024. Using an actual/actual basis for calculations (basis code 2) and method 1 for accrual computations, one seeks to determine the accrued interest spanning from the bond’s issuance to its settlement date. This scenario, established with specific dates and financial parameters, allows for the accurate computation of accrued interest over the bond’s duration, reflecting the stipulated terms.

Steps to Use ACCRINT in Excel:

1. Input the Data:

D4: Issue date: January 1, 2017

D5: First interest date: March 31, 2017

D6: Settlement date: February 15, 2024

D7: Rate: 6.25%

D8: Par value: $10,000

D9: Frequency: 4 (quarterly payments)

D10: Basis: Actual/Actual basis (Basis code 2)

D11: Calculation method: 1

2. Apply the ACCRINT Function:

In a cell, input and press enter


3. Interpret the Result:

The computed value represents the accrued interest from the issue date to the settlement date. In this case, it would display the accrued interest for the given bond.

Tips for Usage:

  • Ensure the dates are formatted as date values in your spreadsheet.
  • Be consistent with the day count basis to maintain accuracy in calculations.
  • For different interest payment frequencies (annually, quarterly, etc.), adjust the ‘frequency’ parameter accordingly.


  • Day count conventions (actual/actual, 30/360, etc.) might affect the calculation in certain cases.
  •  Be mindful of the basis used for your specific scenario.

ACCRINT Excercise

Type in the formula to find the accrued interest from the following values

Final Thoughts:

The ACCRINT function simplifies the process of computing accrued interest for bonds and other financial instruments. By providing the necessary dates, rates, and frequencies, it aids in swiftly determining accrued interest, facilitating financial analysis and decision-making.

Remember, while the ACCRINT function streamlines calculations, understanding the underlying financial context and parameters used in the function is crucial for accurate and informed decision-making in financial matters.

Feel free to practice with different scenarios to deepen your understanding and proficiency with this function!

Related Functions


Leave a Reply

Discover more from Excel Forum

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading